Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Percentage used to determine the amount of federal matching funds for state Medicaid expenditures. Before the recession of 2007-2009, the FMAP was not less than 50 percent or more than 80 percent. Congress increased the federal matching as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to help states during the recession, and later extended increased FMAP payments through June 2011.